Dogs communicate with us in many ways, including through their body language.
Upright ears can indicate attention or excitement, while ears that are pinned back can indicate fear or aggression.
A wagging tail can indicate happiness or excitement, while a tail that is tucked between the legs can indicate fear or submission.
Soft, relaxed eyes can indicate happiness or contentment, while hard, staring eyes can indicate aggression or fear.
A relaxed mouth with a closed mouth can indicate happiness or contentment, while a mouth that is open with the tongue hanging out can indicate excitement or panting.
A relaxed body posture with the dog standing or sitting upright can indicate happiness or confidence
The best way to interpret your dog's body language is to consider all of the cues together.