The most important thing you can do to keep your dog safe on the balcony is to install a safety barrier. This could be a fence, wall, or railing that is high enough to prevent your dog from jumping or falling over.
Even if you have installed a safety barrier, it is important to supervise your dog on the balcony at all times. This will help to prevent them from climbing over the barrier or getting into any other danger.
You can also train your dog to stay away from the edge of the balcony. This can be done by giving them a command, such as "stay" or "off," and rewarding them when they obey.
Make sure to keep the balcony clean and free of debris that your dog could trip over or get caught in. This includes things like toys, furniture, and plants.
Never leave your dog on the balcony alone, even if they are well-behaved. There are many things that could happen while you are gone.
If you do take your dog out onto the balcony, use a harness and leash to keep them under control. This will help to prevent them from running off or getting into danger.
Be aware of the weather conditions when your dog is on the balcony. If it is windy or raining, it is best to bring them inside.